Views: 132 Author: 第三组 郑韦玮 Publish Time: 2018-12-01 Origin: Site Inquire
There is no doubt that video games have become one of the most popular forms of entertainment. The portability of electronic devices makes today's children more proficient in video games than ever before. So, in order to ensure that video games play a positive role in children's future development, what should parents do? How to choose a good game? How to establish rules at home? How to judge whether children play excessively? And how to deal with the problems after children play too much?
This issue of Zone 9 magazine specially produces a practical handbook "Game Guide for Parents", which introduces the development of video games, the benefits and hidden dangers of playing games, and how to deal with the problems of children in the process of playing games, in order to help parents correctly treat and deal with electronic games. The influence of games on children. This Handbook is a synthesis of the game guidance manuals issued by Australia, Germany, the United States and other countries. It has been updated by domestic educational experts, psychological experts and game experts.
How to judge whether a game is good for children?
The purpose of this handbook is not to justify the game, but to guide parents when choosing a game for their children, they need to pay attention to judging whether a game is worth playing.
When parents judge a game for their children, they can ask themselves these questions to judge whether it is helpful:
Is this game good for emotion?
Is this game interesting? It's not fun to play bad games!
Can the game experience achieve a balance between relaxation and stimulation?
Did you get any definite success in the game?
Is this game good for cognitive ability?
Do you need to conceive strategies for customs clearance?
Are the graphics of the game rich?
Do you need to be mindless and focused when playing games?
Do you need to read a lot of text and follow many rules?
Does creativity need to be used in games?
In the game, do you want to build new buildings?
Do you want to create personas?
Can you deduce your own story?
Can you modify the game?
Is the game social?
Are you able to interact with other players?
Is this interaction safe and comfortable?
Are communication between players monitored?
Can you easily report anti-social behavior in games?
To what extent is it addiction to play games?
Video games have many benefits, but parents must also pay attention to the hidden dangers of games in all aspects, including addiction, gambling, violence and so on. Unlike drug addiction or gambling addiction, video game addiction has not been officially recognized by the medical community. However, it is true that many children play games too frequently, which has a negative impact on their lives, and their symptoms are related to addiction.
The phenomenon is very similar, so it is particularly important to be alert to the risks of video games.
Many academic studies have been devoted to identifying the proportion of video game addicts, with results ranging from 5% to 15%. To what extent is excessive play? 10, 20, or more hours a week? There is no exact number. Overplay and addiction share some of the same symptoms: players are addicted to it wholeheartedly; they are more tolerant of the game and therefore need to play longer to achieve the same psychological pleasure; when they try to quit the game, they can't make up their minds, so everything comes back.
This Handbook defines excessive play as playing too often, which has a negative impact on personal life, such as:
_Truancy, absenteeism, failure to fulfil major obligations or commitments
Lack of maintenance and indifference to important interpersonal relationships
Damage to physical health (such as back pain, muscle strain)
_Damage to Mental Health
Current academic advice is that teenagers and children should be limited to two hours a day in front of the screen. On the other hand, some scholars at Oxford University have suggested that moderate play is better for young people than no play at all: an hour a day is the right time for play, which is good for most young people.
But that doesn't mean that as long as you play games for more than an hour every day, you must be addicted to them. If players can balance the game well with the rest of life, then there is usually no problem.
How about trying to make rules at home?
As a parent, you should make rules and set limits at home. If you don't know anything about the game your child is playing, and you never set specific restrictions, then suddenly let him or her drop the game that he or she is playing happily, it's no doubt reckless. This kind of control will make you lose your child's trust and recognition, and once lost, it will be difficult to re-establish.
These practical suggestions are provided in the manual:
- Simply setting time limits is also a good solution when you don't know or can't operate the game.
- Setting limits can help children develop controllable and predictable game habits. You can write down the rules and stick them on the refrigerator door so that children can check them every time they play.
- Playing places can be in the kitchen, living room or other places you can control. Do not set up in bedrooms, playrooms or places where children are totally independent.
- If your child plays in a public area of the home, you should try to stay in that area as well. You don't have to play by yourself, but you should know what your child is playing!
Inter-class activities are a common time in kindergartens, but it is always difficult for children to master them when they arrive. So many teachers find it difficult to arrange the activities during the break. Let's use these points to see if it will be easier.
1. Reasonable control of activity space and decentralization of children's activities
Like in the classroom, although we are all together, but due to concentration, clear objectives of the task, so orderly. It's time for children to relax during the break. The ideal space for children is in the corridor. The air is fresh and the vision is wide. But if the children are all in the corridor, it will not only be very crowded, but also have security risks. So what can we do? We can divide up several activity areas and divide children into several activity groups. The corridor is just one of the active areas. As a result, fewer children are active in the corridor, and they are happier and safer to play, and every child can guarantee an outdoor break once a week. During recess activities, nurses can guide children's activities in the corridor, while teachers can guide children to play other games in the classroom, both indoors and outdoors are in good order.
2. Combining with thematic activities, let each child have something to do
I don't know if the teachers have found that some children have specific things to do during their class activities. For example, they may be looking at maze maps, observing animals and plants in natural corners, etc. And some children just play aimlessly, so they go around. Children without goals are prone to conflict or minor problems. So how to let everyone have something to do? We can combine the development of thematic activities and make some small toys related to thematic activities. As the theme changes, new games can be generated, so that children can keep the game fresh.
3. Developing abundant forms and contents to stimulate children's interest in activities
In the class activities, for a certain activity area or a toy, play more times, children will gradually lose the sense of freshness. In order to arouse and stimulate children's interest in activities, we can continue to expand the form of activities and expand the content of activities. For example, we let our children take a small toy to their toy cabinet every Monday and bring it home on Friday so that they can play during class. In order to cultivate children's good habit of reading, we invite each child to bring a favorite book. During the class activities, the children happily take it out to watch with their good friends or exchange it with each other.
4. Extending the Contents of Collective Activities to Class Breaks
Inter-class activities can be used as a supplement and extension of collective activities or after classroom learning. Sometimes after an interesting group activity, the children's interest is still very strong, so we can extend the content of the group activity to the class activities. And children are more relaxed and engaging than in group activities.
Therefore, although our class activities are short, complicated and difficult to organize, our teachers can change the "disorder" of class activities by being a conscientious person, being good at discovering children's interests and using them as a means of education.